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充分发挥气象标准化在气象现代化中的基础性作用

LAIYUAN:BENZHAN ZUOZHE:NIMING FABU:2016/5/24 XIUGAI:2016/5/24

隶属:行业新闻 点击:3349  

众彩网  RIQIAN,《ZHONGGUOQIXIANGJUGUANYUGUANCHELUOSHIGUOWUYUAN〈SHENHUABIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOGAIGEFANGAN〉DESHISHIYIJIAN》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《YIJIAN》)CHUTAI。《YIJIAN》CHUTAIDEBEIJINGSHISHENME,QINEIRONGHEMUDESHISHENME?JIZHEJIUZHEIXIEWENTICAIFANGLEZHONGGUOQIXIANGJUFUJUZHANGYUXINWEN。

  记者:众彩网中国气象局高度重视气象标准化工作,年初全国气象局长会议提出“现阶段,要以信息化、集约化、标准化的理念和方式推进气象业务现代化”,在推进气象信息化工作中也明确提出要“标准先行”,那么如何认识新时期、新形势下加强气象标准化工作的重要意义?

  于新文:标准是经济社会活动的技术依据,是国家基础性制度建设的重要内容。标准化在推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化中起着基础性、战略性作用。当前,国家高度重视标准化工作,并将其提升到一个新的战略高度。而实践经验也表明,制定和实施标准是保障社会事务最佳秩序和依法履行工作职责的有效方式和手段,这也得到了全社会广泛认同,标准在政府公共服务和社会管理事务中的作用势必日益突出。

  QIXIANGGONGZUODEJISHUXING、ZHUANYEXINGQIANG,BIAOZHUNLISUODANGRANDIYINGGAIGUANCHUANYUQIXIANGYEWU、FUWU、KEJIHEGUANLIGONGZUODEQUANGUOCHENG。TEBIESHISUIZHEQIXIANGXIANDAIHUAHEQIXIANGFAZHIJIANSHEDEQUANMIANTUIJIN,QIXIANGGAIGEDEQUANMIANSHENHUA,QIXIANGXINXIHUADEJIAKUAITUIJIN,QIXIANGGONGZUOZHUANYEXING、GONGGONGXING、KUALINGYUDETEDIANYUELAIYUETUCHU,LIYONGBIAOZHUNSUOJUYOUDEJISHUQUANWEIXINGHEXITONGZONGHEXING,KEYIGENGHAODITONGYIQIXIANGJISHU、GUANLIHEFUWUYAOQIU。YINCI,ZAIXINXINGSHIXIA,QIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOSHIQIXIANGSHIYETIZHIZENGXIAOSHENGJI、CHUANGXINQUDONGFAZHANDEZHONGYAOZHICHENG,SHIQIXIANGXIANDAIHUADEZHONGYAOJICHU,YESHIQIXIANGXINXIHUADEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。GEJIQIXIANGBUMENBIXUSHULI“BIAOZHUNXIANXING”DELINIAN,BABIAOZHUNZUOWEITISHENGYEWUJISHUSHUIPINGHELVXINGQIXIANGZHIZEDEZHONGYAOZHUASHOUHEJISHUZHICHENG,CHONGFENFAHUIBIAOZHUNDEJISHUMENJIANZUOYONG,TONGGUOBIAOZHUNHUAJIANSHE,TUIJINQIXIANGJISHU、GUANLIHEFUWUDEJIYUEHUA、GUIFANHUA,CUJINQIXIANGZIYUANDEGONGXIANGHEZUIYOUPEIZHI,WEISHIXIANQIXIANGGONGZUOFAZHIHUADIANDINGJICHU。

  记者:《意见》是在什么背景下出台的呢?

  于新文:《意见》是在外部要求推动和内在需求驱动的综合作用下出台的,具体体现在以下四个方面。

  YISHIGUOJIADUIBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUODEXINDINGWEIHEXINYAOQIU,WEI《YIJIAN》DECHUTAICHUANGZAOLEQIJI。DANGDESHIBAJIESANZHONGQUANHUIYAOQIU“ZHENGFUYAOJIAQIANGZHANLVE、GUIHUA、ZHENGCE、BIAOZHUNDENGZHIDINGHESHISHI,JIAQIANGSHICHANGHUODONGJIANGUAN,JIAQIANGGELEIGONGGONGFUWUTIGONG”,BIAOZHUNHEZHANLVE、GUIHUA、ZHENGCEYITONGMINGQUELIERUSHENHUAGAIGEDEDINGCENGSHEJIFANCHOU,CHENGWEITUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADEGUANJIANYAOSUZHIYI。2015NIAN3YUE11RI,GUOWUYUANYINFALE《SHENHUABIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOGAIGEFANGAN》,JIUGENGHAODIFAHUIBIAOZHUNHUAZAITUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADEJICHUXING、ZHANLVEXINGZUOYONGTICHULEGAIGERENWUHEYAOQIU。8YUE30RI,GUOWUYUANBANGONGTINGYINFALE《GUANCHESHISHI〈SHENHUABIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOGAIGEFANGAN〉XINGDONGJIHUA(2015-2016NIAN)》,JIULUOSHIGAIGEFANGANDIYIJIEDUANRENWUTICHULEGONGZUOYAOQIU,BINGJINXINGLEFENGONG。GUANCHELUOSHIGUOJIAGUANYUBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOGAIGEJINGSHEN,JIUXUYAOJIEHEBUMENSHIJITICHUJIAQIANGQIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUODEJUCUO。

  ERSHIZHONGGUOQIXIANGJUDANGZUGUANYUQIANGHUABIAOZHUNHUAGUANLIDEYAOQIU,WEI《YIJIAN》DECHUTAIDIANDINGLEJICHU。2015NIAN1YUE14RI,《ZHONGGONGZHONGGUOQIXIANGJUDANGZUGUANYUQUANMIANTUIJINQIXIANGFAZHIJIANSHEDEYIJIAN》YINFA,MINGQUEJIANGQIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUANARUQIXIANGFAZHIJIANSHEDEZHONGYAONEIRONG,BINGJIUQIANGHUABIAOZHUNHUAGUANLITICHULEJUTIYAOQIU。WEIGUANCHELUOSHIGAIWENJIANJINGSHEN,XUYAOZHUTIAODUIZHAOXIHUALUOSHIBIAOZHUNHUAXIANGGUANDERENWUYAOQIU。

众彩网  SANSHIQIXIANGGAIGEFAZHANDEXINXUQIU,WEI《YIJIAN》DECHUTAIZHIMINGLEFANGXIANG。DANGQIAN,QIXIANGSHIYEZHENGCHUYUXIEDIAOTUIJINQIXIANGGAIGEFAZHANZHONGDIANRENWUDEGUANJIANJIEDUAN,QUANMIANTUIJINQIXIANGXIANDAIHUA、QUANMIANSHENHUAQIXIANGGAIGE、QUANMIANTUIJINQIXIANGFAZHIJIANSHEYIJIQIXIANGXINXIHUAJUNDUIQIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOTICHULEXINDE、GENGGAODEYAOQIU。XUYAOWEIRAOQIXIANGSHIYEFAZHANDEJINQIHEYUANQIMUBIAORENWU,YANJIUHETICHUJIAQIANGQIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUODEXIANGGUANJUCUO,YIBIANGENGHAODIFAHUIQIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUADEZHICHENGBAOZHANGZUOYONG。

  SISHIQIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOZISHENFAZHANXUQIU,WEI《YIJIAN》DECHUTAITIGONGLEDONGLI。“SHIYIWU”YILAI,QIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOQUDELEMINGXIANDECHENGXIAO,DANSHIYEHAICUNZAIBIAOZHUNYISHIBUQIANG、XIETONGTUIJINBUGOU、ZHONGYAOBIAOZHUNQUESHI、BIAOZHUNZHILIANGBUGAO、BIAOZHUNZHIXINGBULIDENGYIXIEJIXUJIEJUEDETUCHUWENTI,JIZHIYUELEZISHENFAZHAN,YEYINGXIANGLEZHICHENGZUOYONGDEFAHUI。XUYAOYIWENTIWEIDAOXIANG,GAIJINGONGZUOJIZHI,CAIQUYOUZHENDUIXINGHEKECAOZUODECUOSHILAIJINYIBUJIAQIANGQIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUO。

  记者:《意见》是当前及今后一段时间推进气象标准化工作改革发展的重要指导性文件,其起草原则和预期目标是什么?

  于新文:《意见》是按照国家标准化工作改革的总体要求和紧紧围绕全面推进气象现代化、全面深化气象改革和全面推进气象法治建设的任务要求起草的,主要坚持以下四个原则:一是问题导向、注重实效。要把有效解决突出问题作为改革的出发点和落脚点,加快推动各项改革措施的出台和落地。二是统一管理、分工负责。既发挥好标准化归口管理部门的综合协调作用,又发挥好主管职能部门在分管标准领域内的业务管理和指导作用。三是内外兼顾、突出重点。把气象标准从过于注重内部业务技术需求向兼顾社会、行业和公众需求转变,同时努力做到应有标准不缺失,让标准在当前推进气象信息化以及职能转变、市场开放的形势下,为实现业务服务统一规范、促进行业资源共享、强化事中事后监管提供支撑和保障。四是多元参与、协同推进。坚持推进开门制标、开放贯标,建立健全全社会、全行业共同关心、参与和推进气象标准化工作的机制,营造良好氛围。

众彩网  《YIJIAN》DEYUQIMUBIAOSHIJIANLISHIYINGXUQIU、ZHONGDIANTUCHU、XITONGXIEDIAODEBIAOZHUNTIXI,JIANQUANZHIZEQINGXI、YUNXINGGAOXIAO、QIZHUAGONGGUANDEBIAOZHUNHUAGUANLIJIZHI,XINGCHENGZHIDUWANSHAN、GUANGFANCANYU、XIETONGTUIJINDEBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOGEJU,RANGBIAOZHUNGUANCHUANYUQIXIANGGONGZUOQUANGUOCHENG,ZAIGEXIANGQIXIANGGONGZUOZHONGSHIXIANYOUBIAOKEXUN、YIBIAOBANSHI。

  记者众彩网:中国气象局局长郑国光近期多次就加强气象标准化工作提出要求,并强调要做到“四个强化”,《意见》是如何体现的?

  于新文:中国气象局党组一贯高度重视气象标准化工作,郑国光局长最近又特别针对气象改革发展的远期战略目标要求和气象信息化的近期任务需求,提出要进一步加强气象标准化工作,充分发挥气象标准化在气象现代化中的基础作用,要从强化标准意识、强化顶层设计、强化标准质量、强化标准执行入手,从根本上解决气象标准化工作的体制机制难题。《意见》围绕“四个强化”提出了若干工作举措。

  GUANYUQIANGHUABIAOZHUNYISHI。QIXIANGGONGZUOSHIKEJIXING、YINGYONGXINGGONGZUO,ZHEIYUBIAOZHUNZUOWEIKEXUEJISHUHESHIJIANJINGYANZONGJIEDEBENZHISHUXINGXIANGQIHE,YINCI,FAHUIHAOBIAOZHUNDEZUOYONGDUIYUQIXIANGGONGZUOLAIJIANGBENSHIYINGYOUZHIYI。DANSHIZHANGQIYILAI,ZAI“BUMENGUANLI”DESHUFUXIA,WOMENGENGDUODIXIGUANYONGWENJIANHEYEWUGUIFANTIDAIBIAOZHUN,BIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOZAIQIXIANGYEWU、FUWUJIGUANLIZHONGZHUBU“BIANYUANHUA”,ZHEIYIJINGBUSHIYINGXINDEXINGSHIYAOQIU。YINCI,《YIJIAN》SHOUXIANQIANGDIAOYAOQIANGHUABIAOZHUNYISHI,YAOQIUGEJIQIXIANGLINGDAOGANBUHEYEWUKEJIRENYUANYAOLAOGUSHULIBIAOZHUNHUALINIAN,QIESHICONGSIXIANGSHANGZHONGSHI、CONGXINGDONGSHANGLUOSHI,ZHENZHENGBAQIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUONARURICHANGGONGZUOTIXI,FAHUIHAOBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUODEZHICHENGBAOZHANGZUOYONG。

众彩网  GUANYUQIANGHUADINGCENGSHEJI。ZHONGDIANSHIYAOZUOHAOBIAOZHUNTIXISHEJI,JIAKUAICHUTAIZHONGYAOBIAOZHUN。GUOQUDEQIXIANGBIAOZHUNBIJIAOZHUZHONGNEIBUDEYEWUJISHUXUQIU,ZHUANYEXING、JISHUXING、ZHENDUIXINGQIANG,DANTONGSHIYECUNZAIBUTONGSUYIDONG、SHIYONGMIANZHAIDEWENTI,MIANXIANGSHEHUI、MIANXIANGGONGZHONGBINGNENGGOUWEILVXINGGUANLIZHINENGTIGONGZHICHENGDEBIAOZHUNBUDUO,TEBIESHIQIANGZHIXINGBIAOZHUNSHULIANGJIAOSHAO,MEIYOUTIXIANCHUBIAOZHUNYINGYOUDEXINGYEZHIDAOXINGHESHEHUIQUANWEIXING。WEISHIBIAOZHUNGENGHAODISHIYINGZHINENGZHUANBIAN、SHICHANGKAIFANGDEXUYAO,WEIQIANGHUASHIZHONGSHIHOUJIANGUANHETONGYIXINGYEGUIFANTIGONGJISHUZHICHENGHEBAOZHANG,《YIJIAN》TICHUYAOZUZHIKAIZHANGELINGYUBIAOZHUNTIXIKUANGJIAYANJIUHESHEJI,JIAQIANGYUGUOJIXIANJINBIAOZHUNHEGUOJIAJICHUXINGBIAOZHUNDUIJIE,JIANLIBIAOZHUNZHIXIUDINGJIHUAXIANGMUKU,GOUJIANYOUJITONGYI、XIANGHUXIANJIEDEBIAOZHUNTIXI,TONGCHOUZHIDAOBIAOZHUNDEZHIXIUDING。TONGSHIMINGQUELEQUANGUOZONGHEQIXIANGXINXIGONGXIANGPINGTAI(CIMISS)ZHICHENGPEITAOBIAOZHUN、SHUJUGESHI、JISHUZHUANGBEI、FANGLEIJIANZAIJISHUYUGUANLI、FUWUSHICHANGJIANGUANYIJISHEJIJIBENQIXIANGYEWUJISHUHEBUJU、QIXIANGZAIHAIDENGJIHEYUJING、RENGONGYINGXIANGTIANQIZUOYEDENGZHONGDIANLINGYUZHONGYAOBIAOZHUN,KAIPILVSETONGDAO,JIAKUAIGUANJIANJIXUBIAOZHUNDECHUTAIHESHISHI。

  GUANYUQIANGHUABIAOZHUNZHILIANG。BIAOZHUNXUYAOJUBEIHAODEKEYANHESHIJIANJICHU。MUQIANQIXIANGBIAOZHUNCUNZAIZHILIANGBUGAO、ZHIXINGBULIWENTIDEYIGEZHONGYAOYUANYIN,JIUSHIBIAOZHUNKEJIJICHUBORUOYIJIYUYEWUFUWUGUANLIGONGZUOTUOJIE。WEILETIGAOBIAOZHUNKEJIHANLIANG,BIMIANCHUXIANWEIZUOBIAOZHUNERZUOBIAOZHUNDEXIANXIANG,《YIJIAN》CONGQIANGHUABIAOZHUNDEKEJIZHICHENGHETISHENGBIAOZHUNYUYEWUFUWUDERONGHEDUZHESHOU,TICHUJIANGBIAOZHUNYANJIUNARUQIXIANGKEYANJIHUA、TUIJINGELEIYEWUKEJIXIANGMUXINGCHENGBIAOZHUNHUACHENGGUO、YOUXIANLIXIANGYOUKEYANCHENGGUOZHICHENGDEBIAOZHUNXIANGMU、ZHUGUANZHINENGBUMENQUANCHENGJIERUBIAOZHUNHUAGUANJIANHUANJIE、JIANLIBIAOZHUNSHIYONGXINGPINGGUZHIDU、WANSHANBIAOZHUNSHISHIXINXIFANKUIJIZHI、YOUXIANZHICHIYIXIANYEWUFUWUKEYANGUGANCHENGDANBIAOZHUNZHIXIUDINGDENGRUOGANJUCUO,LIQIUBUDUANTIGAOBIAOZHUNZHILIANG。

  GUANYUQIANGHUABIAOZHUNZHIXING。BIAOZHUNDESHISHIHEYINGYONGSHIFAHUIBIAOZHUNZUOYONG、XIAOYIYIJITIXIANBIAOZHUNQUANWEIXINGDEWEIYITUJING,YESHIGAIJINBIAOZHUNZHILIANGDEYOUXIAOQUDAO,YINCI,BIAOZHUNDESHISHIHEJIANDUSHIBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUODEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。TONGGUOQIXIANGBIAOZHUNSHISHIQINGKUANGDIAOCHAYIJIXIANGGUANDIAOYANBIAOMING,BIAOZHUNZHIXINGYUFOUDEGUANJIANZAIYUZHUGUANZHINENGBUMENSHIFOUJIANGBIAOZHUNNARUGUANLIKAOHETIXI。YINCI,《YIJIAN》TICHUJIANLIBIAOZHUNQIANGZHIZHIXINGZHIDU,SHOUXIANZAIQIXIANGBUMENNEIYAOYANGEZHIXINGYIFABUSHISHIDEQIXIANGXINGYEBIAOZHUNHEGUOJIABIAOZHUN。JUTICUOSHIBAOKUOYAOQIUZHUGUANZHINENGBUMENJIANGBIAOZHUNNARUXINGZHENGGUANLIHEYEWUKAOHEGONGZUOTIXI,DINGQIKAIZHANBIAOZHUNSHISHIJIANDUJIANCHA;YAOQIUQIXIANGYEWUFUWUDANWEIQUANMIANGUANCHEZHIXINGBIAOZHUN,SHIBIAOZHUNCHENGWEIZHUANGBEIZHUNRUHEYEWUZHUNRUDE“YINGYUESHU”,TONGSHIYAOJINYIBUWANSHAN“ZHIXINGBIAOZHUNQINGDAN”ZHIDU。CIWAI,SHENZHEN、SUZHOUDENGDIKAIZHANQIXIANGBIAOZHUNHUASHIDIANGONGZUODEJINGYANYEBIAOMING,SHIDIANSHIQIANGHUABIAOZHUNSHISHIDEYOUXIAOSHOUDUANHEZHONGYAOZHUASHOU。YINCI,《YIJIAN》YETICHUYAOGULIKAIZHANBIAOZHUNHUASHIDIAN。

  CHULEYISHANGZHONGDIANJUCUOWAI,《YIJIAN》HAIZHENDUIDANGQIANBIAOZHUNZHIXIUDINGZHIDUBUWANSHANDEWENTI,TICHULEJIANLIBIAOZHUNZHIXIUDINGXIANGMUFENLEIGUANLIZHIDU、JIANLIZHIXIUDINGKUAISUCHENGXU、JIANLIWENZEZHIDU、QIANGHUA“KAIMENZHIBIAO”、TUIJINBIAOZHUNZHIXIUDINGXINXIDEGONGKAI、TOUMINGDENGJUCUO;ZHENDUIBIAOWEIHUIZUOYONGFAHUIBUGOUDEWENTI,TICHUDUIBIAOWEIHUISHIXINGSHUANGZHONGGUANLI、JIANLIBIAOWEIHUIGONGZUOJIXIAOPINGJIAHETONGBAOZHIDU、JIANLIBIAOWEIHUIWEIYUANLVZHIKAOHEZHIDUDENG;ZHENDUIBIAOZHUNHUAGONGZUOZHIZELUOSHIBUDAOWEIDEWENTI,TICHUYAOJINYIBUMINGQUEHELUOSHIZHUGUANZHINENGBUMENHEYEWUFUWUDANWEIDEGONGZUOZHIZE,ZHONGDIANSHIYAOQIANGHUAZHUGUANZHINENGBUMENZAIFENGUANLINGYUZHUAHAOBIAOZHUNTIXIJIANSHE、QIANGHUABIAOZHUNSHISHIHEJIANDU、KAIZHANBIAOZHUNSHIYINGXINGPINGGUDENGGUANLIZHIZE,CUJINGESIQIZE、QIZHUAGONGGUANJUMIANDEXINGCHENG。

  记者:《意见》对气象标准化工作提出了哪些激励保障方案?

  于新文:为吸引和激励更多高层次人才参与气象标准化工作,《意见》提出要将标准纳入科技奖励的知识产权证明目录,将标准化成果纳入科技成果认定和科技奖励评选的范畴,将标准化成果和奖励作为高级职称评聘以及首席气象服务专家、首席预报员等高层次人才选拔的依据,鼓励和支持业务、服务和科研骨干参加标准化技术组织,参与国际标准化活动。同时,为普及标准化知识和理念,《意见》提出要将标准化课程纳入领导干部、业务服务骨干和从业资格等培训计划,对已发布的强制性标准和行业标准在网上提供免费查询和下载。此外,《意见》还提出要保证标准化工作经费投入,要根据工作任务将所需经费列入年度财政预算。

  记者:如何将《意见》提出的任务措施落实到位?

  于新文:《意见》是贯彻落实国家深化标准化工作改革方案和行动计划的具体抓手,也是贯彻落实中国气象局党组1号文件的突破口和具体举措,认真贯彻落实《意见》提出的加强气象标准化工作的一系列重要举措,对全面提升气象标准化工作水平,更好地发挥气象标准化对气象事业的支撑保障作用,具有十分重大的意义。为使《意见》落地生根、发挥作用,重点是要抓好任务分工、制度建设以及跟踪督办等方面的工作。一是抓好任务分解和分工。《意见》明确了重点任务、时间节点和责任主体。各单位都要认真梳理任务要求,确保按时保质完成各项任务。二是抓好配套制度建设。《意见》的很多工作举措需要配套政策和制度支撑,才能形成常态化的工作机制。各单位要按照分工加快制定各种配套制度,确保各项任务可操作、可落实。三是抓好督查督办。《意见》的任务落实是否到位、配套制度是否到位,需要后续的跟踪督查。各级气象部门领导要切实加强组织领导,抓好监督检查和考核问责,确保任务落到实处。

  (来源:《中国气象报》2015年10月14日一版 责任编辑:张林)

 

 
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